Even prior to birth, social factors are at work shaping individuals’ values and beliefs. There is mounting evidence that the conditions experienced in the womb are at least as important as genetics in determining how we perform mentally and physically during life.
Attachment theory suggests humans have an innate drive to form attachment with others. Secure attachment is characterized by having a sense of self, as being worthy of love and the belief that others are available and dependable. This is achieved by having reliable and available caregivers who become the attachment figures. These attachment figures provide the infant/child with a secure base from which to motivate exploration of the environment and lead emotionally fulfilling lives.